DynaML was born out of the need to have a performant, extensible and easy to use Machine Learning research environment. Scala was a natural choice for these requirements due to its sprawling data science ecosystem (i.e. Apache Spark), its functional object-oriented duality and its interoperability with the Java Virtual Machine.

The DynaML distribution is divided into four principal modules.



The heart of the DynaML distribution is the dynaml-core module.

The core api consists of :

  • Model implementations
    • Parametric Models
    • Stochastic Process Models
  • Optimization solvers
  • Probability distributions/random variables
  • Kernel functions for Non parametric models

Data workflows & Pipes

The dynaml-pipes module provides an API for creating modular data processing workflows.

The pipes module aims to separate model pre-processing tasks such as cleaning data files, replacing missing or corrupt records, applying transformations on data etc.

  • Ability to create arbitrary workflows from scala functions and join them
  • Feature transformations such as wavelet transform, gaussian scaling, auto-encoders etc


The read evaluate print loop (REPL) gives the user the ability to experiment with the data pre-processing and model building process in a mix and match fashion. The DynaML shell is based on the Ammonite project which is an augmented Scala REPL, all the features of the Ammonite REPL are a part of the DynaML REPL.

DynaML Examples

The module dynaml-examples contains programs which build regression and classification models on various data sets. These examples serve as case studies as well as instructional material to show the capabilities of DynaML in a hands on manner. Click here to get started with the examples.

Libraries Used

DynaML leverages a number of open source projects and builds on their useful features.

  • Breeze for linear algebra operations with vectors, matrices etc.
  • Gremlin for building graphs in Neural network based models.
  • Spire for creating algebraic entities like Fields, Groups etc.
  • Ammonite for the shell environment.
  • DynaML uses the newly minted Wisp plotting library to generate aesthetic charts of common model validation metrics. There is also support for the JZY3D scientific plotting library.